Publikasi

1. Pemeliharaan ulat sutera liar atakas, Attacus atlas (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) dengan menggunakan formulasi pakan buatan (Naskah lengkap di sini)

Evaluation of Artificial Diets for Attacus atlas (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) in Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia

SUKIRNO SUKIRNO, J. SITUMORANG, S. SUMARMI, R. C. HIDAYAT SOESILOHADI, AND R. PRATIWI

J. Econ. Entomol. 106(6): 2364Ð2370 (2013); DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/EC13144

ABSTRACT The objective of this research was to evaluate artiÞcial diets that can be used to successfully culture the atlas silk moth, Attacus atlas L. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) indoors. Four plant species were evaluated as the basic component of each diet, barringtonia (Barringtonia asiatica), cheesewood (Nauclea orientalis), soursop (Annona muricata), and mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). Evaluation of the nutritional value of each diet was determined by an analysis of the hemolymph proteins of sixth instars using the FolinÐCiocalteu assay. Survivorship, cocoon quality, and hemolymph protein content of larvae fed the barringtonia diet were higher than those of larvae fed mahogany-, cheesewood-, and soursop-based artiÞcial diets. The average adult emergence of those fed the barringtonia-based diet was 74.5%. The weights of the cocoon in this treatment with the pupa and the empty cocoons were 7.0 and 1.1 g, respectively. Hemolymph of the larvae fed the barringtonia-based artiÞcial diet had the highest concentration of protein with an average of 28.06 mg/ml. The atlas moth reared on the barringtonia-based artiÞcial diet was comparable with those reared only on barringtonia leaves. However, the weight of empty cocoons, adult wingspan, and amount of hemolymph protein were lower than in those reared on barringtonia leaves only. This may suggest that the artiÞcial barringtonia-based diet requires additional protein for maximum efÞciency

2. Pengaruh ketersediaan pakan keben terhadap perkembangan Attacus atlas (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) (Naskah lengkap di sini)

EFFECTS OF FOOD AVAILABILITY OF KEBEN (Barringtonia asiatica kurtz.) TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF LATE INSTARS OF Attacus atlas (L.) (LEPIDOPTERA: SATURNIIDAE) REARED OUTDOOR WITHOUT SCREEN

Hari Purwanto1 , Sukirno2

1 Laboratory of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA 55281 Fax. 62274580839 e-mail address: hari.purwanto@ugm.ac.id

2 Laboratory of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, INDONESIA 55281

INTRODUCTION The atlas moth (Attacus) consists of 14 extant species and nine species of them live in Indonesia. Attacus atlas is the most widely distributed moth among of them. A. atlas is a polyphagous insect attacking more than 84 species of plant and considered as pest of several important crops (Peigler, 1989; Kalshoven, 1981). It was not until recently that we realized that the atlas moth produces usable silk. Non-mulberry silks, such as those obtained from A. atlas and C. trifenestrata, Antheraea yamamai, A. pernyi, and A. mylitta, endowed very high quality because these silks have numerous vacuoles, more porous, sleek feel, cool, anti allergic and bacteria (Akai, 1997). We have been succeeded to develop the silk into yarn, textile and other form of handy crafts. We also succeeded to build a foreign market for the product

3. Identifikasi Macam Sumber Pakan Lebah Trigona sp (Hymenoptera: Apidae) di Kabupaten Gunungkidul (Naskah lengkap di sini)

Identifikasi Macam Sumber Pakan Lebah Trigona sp (Hymenoptera: Apidae) di Kabupaten Gunungkidul Identification Foods Sources of Stingless Bee, Trigona sp (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Kabupaten Gunungkidul
Rahmat Budi Nugroho1, RC Hidayat Soesilohadi2

1 Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan, Universitas Setia Budi Surakarta. Email: rahmat.bn17@gmail.com

2 Fakultas Biologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Email: hid_soesi@yahoo.com
ABSTRAK Potensi peningkatan produksi madu dan propolis yang dihasilkan oleh lebah tanpa sengat (Trigona) sangat besar, karena banyaknya tanaman sumber pakan yang tumbuh di Kab. Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Keberadaan jenis lebah Trigona ini belum banyak diketahui oleh masyarakat terutama di daerah Gunungkidul. Tujuan penelitian untuk mempelajari keragaman dan karakteristik tanaman pakan Trigona. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Desember 2012 – Maret 2013 di desa Nglipar kab. Gunungkidul. Identifikasi polen yang diambil dari sarang Trigona menunjukkan bahwa ada 13 jenis tanaman yang menjadi sumber pakan Trigona, akan tetapi hanya 3 jenis polen yang cocok dengan polen yang diambil dari bunga di sekitar sarang yaitu Carica papaya, Nephelium longan, dan Cosmos caudatus. Hal ini diduga karena polen yang ada di sarang merupakan polen yang dikoleksi oleh leba dari periode berbunga sebelumnya, sehingga tidak terdapat banyak kecocokan dengan polen yang diambil dari tanaman disekitar sarang karena beberapa tanaman tidak menghasilkan bunga pada saat pengambilan sampel. Kata kunci: Trigona, tanaman pakan, polen